Aircraft account for 12 percent of the U.S. transportation greenhouse gas emissions. They are the largest source of transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. that are not subject to emissions regulations.
The EPA was required to set those standards after it found in August 2016 that greenhouse gas emissions from certain aircraft elevated concentrations of the greenhouse gases that are the primary cause of climate change. The finding said these gases “endanger the public health and welfare of current and future generations.”
But many commercial planes in the U.S., covering more than 80% of aviation demand, already comply with those standards, meaning the ICAO guidelines won’t trigger any improvements in efficiency or fuel use, according to Lakewood. Newly delivered aircraft are also expected to exceed the ICAO standards by roughly 10%, she said.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on Wednesday announced it was proposing the first U.S. emissions standards for commercial aircraft.
In 2016, the U.N. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) agreed on global airplane emissions standards aimed at makers of small and large planes, including Airbus SE and Boeing Co, which both backed the standards.
The EPA-proposed regulation seeks to align the United States with the ICAO standards, EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler said. “We are implementing the ICAO recommendations, ICAO standards,” Wheeler told reporters.
“The contract has a volume of around 100 million euros,” said Andreas Wendt, member of the Board of Management of BMW AG responsible for Purchasing and Supplier Network.
With this order the BMW will cover about a fifth of its cobalt needs for the fifth generation of its electric drive trains. The contract is for a term of five years (2020 – 2025). BMW is sourcing its remaining cobalt needs from Australia.
“We are systematically driving electrification of our vehicle fleet. By 2023, we aim to have 25 electrified models in our line-up – more than half of them fully-electric. Our need for raw materials will increase in line with this. For cobalt alone, we expect our needs to roughly triple by 2025,” said Wendt.
Sustainability plays key role in BMW’s expanding e-mobility. The company already publishes the countries of origin for the cobalt it uses. For the fifth generation of battery cells, the company has restructured its supply chains and will source lithium, as well as cobalt, directly from 2020 and make these raw materials available to its two battery cell manufacturers, CATL and Samsung SDI. This ensures transparency over where raw materials come from.
The BMW Group is obtaining battery cells from CATL (order volume: 7.3 billion euros, contract period: 2020 to 2031) and Samsung SDI (order volume: 2.9 billion euros, contract period: 2021 to 2031). The BMW Group also produces batteries in-house at its plants in Dingolfing (Germany), Spartanburg (USA) and at the BBA plant in Shenyang (China). The BMW Group has also localised battery production in Thailand, where it works with the Dräxlmaier Group.
BMW has also announced they will cease to use rare earths in its fifth-generation electric drive trains from 2021 on
Talking about her vision for the transition to a climate neutral Europe, the Commissioner said, “To reach climate neutrality by 2050, we need to fundamentally transform our energy system and clean hydrogen will have a key role to play, as it has great potential to decarbonise sectors where electrification is impossible or too costly.”
“Therefore, we will propose a roadmap to scale up renewable hydrogen production and use in Europe.”
“What you need for hydrogen to be a successful energy source and storage facility in the future: you need the production to be within the price range, you need transport and storage facilities and you need the market,” said Frans Timmermans, executive vice president of the European Union’s executive arm. “With our strategy we want to stimulate all three.” Continue reading
ABB Formula E explains why the air around us represents a potentially major health threat to over 90% of the planet, with children around the world born into an environment where their first breath contains polluted air.
As the risks increase, Saunders CB reveals how global initiatives hope to improve the situation and how driving electric cars is one change we can all make to achieve a huge difference in #TheRaceForCleanAir
Why The Air We Breathe Is Not As Clean As We Think
Despite the perception that electric vehicles are environmentally friendly, the reality is that most of the electricity used to power these vehicles is generated by fossil fuels, says Majid Moradzadeh, a doctoral student at UBCO’s School of Engineering.
“Renewable energy sources are currently a small part of the larger electricity generation system,” explains Moradzadeh. “Due to the variability of electricity output by these renewable sources, energy storage systems are vital to ensuring continuous power is available.”
In the first study of its type, Moradzedeh developed a comprehensive planning method specifically for fast-charging stations. The method considers a wide range of technical and operation features of renewable resources, energy storage systems and the electric vehicles’ charging demand. The goal is to create a fast-charging station at minimal optimum cost, while meeting its performance requirements.
The new President of the EU Commission, Ursula von der Leyen has set ambitious goals for Europe with the Green Deal. By 2050, net emissions of greenhouse gases in the European Union are to be reduced to zero, making the environment one of the most important priorities.
Volkswagen and ten other international companies with headquarters in Europe are convinced that only an environmentally compatible, sustainable orientation will create the basis for economic success and future prosperity.
CEO Initiative for Europe’s Green Deal
COLLABORATING TO RECOVER FOR A MORE RESILIENT, PROSPEROUS AND SUSTAINABLE EUROPE
I. LEARNING FROM THE CRISIS TO UNLOCK CHANCES FOR THE FUTURE
We, the CEO Initiative for Europe’s Recovery, Reform and Resilience, represent multinational companies across different sectors that employ a total of 1.7 million people generating more than 600 billion euros in revenue. Our companies are staying committed to the Paris Climate Change Agreement and have adopted own decarbonisation plans.
While Europe is facing an unprecedented challenge by the disruptions of the Covid-19 pandemic, we stand ready to strongly support the EU Commission’s “Next Generation EU” to kick start the economies in short term, but also prepare for the longer-term transformation to build a more resilient, digitalized, prosperous and sustainable Europe for future generations.
II. CORE PRINCIPLES FOR A SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY AND THE LONGER TERM TRANSFORMATION OF EUROPEAN INDUSTRIES Continue reading
Zero-Emissions Fuel-Cell Electric Kenworth Toyota UPS Delivery Truck
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) is requiring truck manufacturers to transition from diesel trucks and vans to electric zero-emission trucks beginning in 2024. By 2045, every new truck sold in California must be zero-emission.
According to CARB, commercial trucks are the largest single source of vehicular air pollution, responsible for 70 percent of the smog-causing pollution and 80 percent of carcinogenic diesel soot even though they number only 2 million among the 30 million registered vehicles in the state.
The nation’s toughest clean-air mandate on trucks was approved Thursday by the California Air Resources Board.
In effect, the board ordered manufacturers of medium-duty and heavy-duty commercial trucks to begin selling zero-emission versions in 2024, with 100,000 sold in California by 2030 and 300,000 by 2035.
The mandate is intended to cut air pollution and push the state toward ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals — 40% below 1990 levels by 2030 and 80% below by 2050.
Several other states, most in the Northeast, plan to adopt the air board’s mandate, known as the Advanced Clean Truck initiative. “There’s clearly a national interest” in reducing pollution, Katie Dykes, the commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, said Thursday.
It’s time. This is a time of unbelievable crisis and the economy will need to be rebuilt. Nobody wanted the coronavirus pandemic. Nobody asked for this. But nonetheless, this is an opportunity we can seize upon. People don’t want to go back to the way it was. We want better, for ourselves, and future generations. Policy makers need to take note and do the right thing.
Almost two out of every three people (64%) on average said they do not want to go back to pre-Covid pollution levels, according to a pan-European survey by international polling company YouGov.
Over two-thirds (68%) agreed that cities must take effective measures to protect citizens from air pollution, even if it means preventing polluting cars from entering city centres to protect clean air, with as many as 63% of drivers themselves in support. Around three quarters (74%) said cities must take effective measures to protect citizens from air pollution, even if this requires reallocating public space to walking, cycling and public transport. Just 10% opposed taking such action.
The survey of 7,545 adults in 21 metropolitan areas across Europe between 14-21 May was commissioned by T&E and the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA). It paints a picture of broad public support for radical action to maintain the low levels of air pollution from traffic and other sources when countries imposed pandemic lockdown measures. Since lockdown has been lifted, pollution has ramped back up in China, compounded by unusually high levels of commuter traffic. Already there are similar signs in Europe.
The lawsuit, filed in Ramsey County District Court, includes claims of multiple violations of Minnesota laws, including fraud, deceptive trade practices and false statements in advertising.
“The defendants deceived, lied and misrepresented the effects of their product to the public,” Ellison said at a news conference. “For 30 years, [they] made misleading statements about climate change.”
“The fraud, deceptive advertising, and other violations of Minnesota state law and common law that the lawsuit shows they perpetrated have harmed Minnesotans’ health and our state’s environment, infrastructure, and economy,” Ellison said.